A patent is an intellectual house proper that gives the holder, not an operating correct, but a right to prohibit the use by a third get together of the patented invention, from a particular date and for a constrained duration (usually twenty many years).

Some nations could at the time of registration issue a “provisional patent” and could grant a “grace time period” of a single yr which avoids the invalidity of the patent to an inventor who disclosed his invention before filing a patent in a non-confidential basis with the benefit of making it possible for quick dissemination of technical information while reserving the industrial exploitation of the invention. Depending on the nation, the very first “inventor” or the 1st “filer” has priority to the patent.

The patent is valid only in a given territory. Thus, the patent stays national. It is attainable to file a patent application for a specified nation (INPI for France, the USPTO for the U.S., JPO for Japan), or a group of countries (with the EPO for 38 European countries, filing a PCT application for the 142 signatories of the Treaty). Therefore, a patent application may possibly cover several nations.

In return, the invention have to be disclosed to the public. In practice, patents are instantly published 18 months right after the priority date, that is to say, right after the first filing, except in special situations.

To be patentable, aside from the fact that it should be an “invention”, an invention should also meet three important criteria.

1. It should be new, that is to say that practically nothing related has ever been available to the public knowledge, by any means whatsoever (written, oral, use. ), and anywhere. It also ought to not match the material of a patent that was filed but not nevertheless published.

2. It need to have inventive stage, that is to say, it can not be evident from the prior artwork.

3. It need to have industrial application, that is to say, it can be utilised or produced in any kind of market, like agriculture (excluding operates of art or crafts, for
how to file a patent illustration).

When a company believes that its competitors are unlikely to discover one of its secrets and techniques in the course of the time period of coverage of any patent,
invention ideas or that the firm would not be ready to detect infringement or enforce its rights, it can select not to file, which carries a chance and a advantage.

The danger: If a competitor finds the same approach and obtains a patent on it, the firm might be prohibited to use his very own invention ( the French law and American law vary on this level, a single taking into consideration the evidence at the date of discovery, and the other at the date of publication). French law also involves a so-called exception of “prior individual possession” for a particular
idea for an invention person who can show that the alleged invention was without a doubt infringed currently in its possession prior to the filing date of the patent application. In such case, operation would only be able to continue for that individual on the French territory.

The advantage: If there is no patent, the strategy is not published and consequently the organization can assume to carry on operation in concept indefinitely (Even so in practice, a person will almost certainly locate the concept one day, but the duration of safety may finish up longer in complete). This technique of trade secret and as a result non- patenting is employed in some cases by the chemical business.